How does the psychiatrist know?


diagnostic reasoning
phenomenological psychiatry
model-based reasoning
epistemology of psychiatry

How to Cite

Kind, A. (2023). How does the psychiatrist know?. Philosophy and the Mind Sciences, 4.


An important question in the philosophy of psychiatry is: what is the proper method of psychiatric diagnostic reasoning? Let us call this the Methodological Question. In this paper, I criticize the answer that proponents of phenomenological psychiatry have given to this question and present an alternative. I argue that their answer fails to meet several adequacy conditions for a theory of psychiatric diagnostic reasoning. I then show how my own answer to the Methodological Question – the Model-Based Account of diagnostic reasoning – meets these adequacy conditions. I conclude that the Model-Based Account of diagnostic reasoning is preferable to the Phenomenological Account.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Adrian Kind